Different Land CoversForest: Sweden is dominated by forests and this is reflected by three of the stations being placed in forested areas:
Svartberget (boreal pine),
Norunda (boreal pine and spruce), and
Hyltemossa (temperate spruce).
Wetlands are quite common throughout the Nordic countries, and therefore two stations are placed in such environments:
Abisko-Stordalen (sub-arctic fen) and
Degerö (boreal fen).
Agriculture: One site is located in an agricultural setting:
Ocean: Finally, one site covers the oceanic part:
ICOS Sweden Network
|To get more information about a specific site click on the station name.|
Different Station TypesAtmospheric stations deliver primarily data on greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. For common gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), the measurements take place continuously. Other gases, such as CO and N2O, will be measured periodically. Within ICOS Sweden are these: Hyltemossa, Norunda, and Svartberget.
Ecosystem stations provide primarily data on greenhouse gas concentrations and fluxes, as well as latent and sensible heat fluxes. In addition, several meteorological and soil parameters are measured. Furthermore, data on other ecosystem parameters will be collected periodically. Within ICOS Sweden are these: Abisko-Stordalen, Degerö, Hyltemossa, Lanna, Norunda, and Svartberget.
Oceanic stations measure CO2 and other gases from ocean surface waters and the near-surface atmosphere. Within ICOS Sweden is this: Östergarnsholm.
Continuous measurements within ICOS Sweden
|Instruments||Atmospheric Stations||Ecosystem Stations||Oceanic Stations|
|carbon dioxide (CO2)||Details|
|carbon monoxide (CO)||Details|
|ground water level||Details|
|methane (CH4) (not in forest ecosystem stations)||Details|
|nitrous oxide (N2O) (not in forests)|
|partial pressure of CO2 in the water|
|soil heat flux||Details|
|soil water content||Details|
|trunk temperature (only in forests)||Details|
|water vapor (H2O)||Details|